Skip to main content

Script to show all database and server roles and their members

From time to time I am asked to provide an "access" list for a database or server. I have various scripts lying around the place and I cobble something together as needed but I have never got around to putting something comprehensive together until today.

Sure, you can Google for a solution to save the bother of having to type, but in doing so I never found something that did exactly what I wanted.

Today I found something that got me started by a chap called Mangal Pardeshi but there were a couple of problems with it, 1) it didn't like databases with - or _ in the name and 2) it only covered database roles and not server roles.

So with thanks to Mangal, I have reworked his stored procedure (so it is just a query) and you can use it below (with the usual caveats):

/********************************************************************************************
Name    : dbo.List_DBRoles.sql
Author  : Mangal Pardeshi / Paul Hewson
Purpose : Show all database role membership, amended version that includes Server Roles also
Date    : 27 Jan 2014
********************************************************************************************/
-- Show Server roles
 SELECT member.NAME AS MemberName
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'sysadmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS sysadmin
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'processadmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS processadmin
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'dbcreator' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS dbcreator
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'securityadmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS securityadmin
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'setupadmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS setupadmin
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'diskadmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS diskadmin
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'bulkadmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS bulkadmin
           ,Max(CASE ROLE.NAME WHEN 'serveradmin' THEN '1' ELSE '0' END) AS serveradmin
    FROM sys.server_role_members
    INNER JOIN sys.server_principals AS ROLE
           ON sys.server_role_members.role_principal_id = ROLE.principal_id
    INNER JOIN sys.server_principals AS member
           ON sys.server_role_members.member_principal_id = member.principal_id
    --LEFT OUTER join #DBRoles
          --ON member.name = #DBRoles.UserName
          GROUP BY
                      member.NAME
                      ,Role.NAME

-- Show database roles
DECLARE @database NVARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @user VARCHAR(20)
DECLARE @dbo CHAR(1)
DECLARE @access CHAR(1)
DECLARE @security CHAR(1)
DECLARE @ddl CHAR(1)
DECLARE @datareader CHAR(1)
DECLARE @datawriter CHAR(1)
DECLARE @denyread CHAR(1)
DECLARE @denywrite CHAR(1)
DECLARE @dbname VARCHAR(200)
DECLARE @mSql1 VARCHAR(8000)

IF EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM tempdb..sysobjects WHERE id=OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#DBRoles')) DROP TABLE #DBRoles
CREATE TABLE #DBROLES (
       DBName SYSNAME NOT NULL
       ,UserName SYSNAME NOT NULL
       ,db_owner VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_accessadmin VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_securityadmin VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_ddladmin VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_datareader VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_datawriter VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_denydatareader VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       ,db_denydatawriter VARCHAR(3) NOT NULL
       --,sysadmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,securityadmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,serveradmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,setupadmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,processadmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,diskadmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,dbcreator BIT DEFAULT(0)
       --,bulkadmin BIT DEFAULT(0)
       ,PollDate DATETIME NOT NULL DEFAULT getdate()
       )

DECLARE DBName_Cursor CURSOR
FOR
SELECT NAME
FROM master.dbo.sysdatabases
WHERE NAME NOT IN (
              'msdb'
              ,'tempdb'
              ,'model'
              ,'master'
              )
ORDER BY NAME
OPEN DBName_Cursor
FETCH NEXT
FROM DBName_Cursor
INTO @dbname

WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
       SET @mSQL1 = ' INSERT INTO #DBROLES (DBName, UserName, db_owner, db_accessadmin,
                               db_securityadmin, db_ddladmin, db_datareader, db_datawriter, db_denydatareader, db_denydatawriter )  
                           SELECT ' + '''' + '['+ @dbName +']' + '''' + ' as DBName ,UserName, ' + CHAR(13) +
                               'Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_owner'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_owner,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_accessadmin '' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_accessadmin,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_securityadmin'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_securityadmin,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_ddladmin'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_ddladmin,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_datareader'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_datareader,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_datawriter'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_datawriter,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_denydatareader'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_denydatareader,
                               Max(CASE RoleName WHEN ''db_denydatawriter'' THEN ''1'' ELSE ''0'' END) AS db_denydatawriter
                               FROM (
                               SELECT b.name as USERName, c.name as RoleName
                               FROM ' + '['+ @dbName +']' + '.dbo.sysmembers a ' + CHAR(13) +
                               ' JOIN ' + '['+ @dbName +']' + '.dbo.sysusers b ' + CHAR(13) +
                                     ' on a.memberuid = b.uid
                                  JOIN ' + '['+ @dbName +']' + '.dbo.sysusers c
                                           on a.groupuid = c.uid )s
                               GROUP BY UserName
                               ORDER BY UserName'
       --Print @mSql1
       EXECUTE (@mSql1)

       FETCH NEXT
       FROM DBName_Cursor
       INTO @dbname
END
CLOSE DBName_Cursor
DEALLOCATE DBName_Cursor

 SELECT *
 FROM #DBRoles
 ORDER BY DBName, UserName




---

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How to move the Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit (MAP) database to a different drive

The Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit (MAP) is a very useful tool for scanning your network to find instances of SQL Server plus all manner of detailed information about the installed product, OS and hardware it sits on.


<Click image to enbiggen>
There is an issue with it the database it uses to store the data it collects, however. Assuming you don't have an instance called MAPS on your server, the product will install using LocalDB (a cut down version of SQL Server Express) and puts the databases on your C: drive. If you then scan a large network you could easily expand the database to 10GB which may cause issues on a server when that drive is often one of the smallest. However, there is a simple solution: connect to LocalDB using Management Studio, detach the databases, move to a different drive, set permissions on the new location if required and reattach the database. How do you connect to LocalDB? Here you go:

Connect to (localdb)\MAPTOOLKIT


The databases I move…

The Purge SQL Agent Job for MDW takes a long time to complete

I use the dbWarden alerts to inform me if a SQL job is taking longer to complete than normal and I got one this morning:
I noticed by looking at the history this purge job was gradually taking longer and longer to complete each day since I installed it again (see mylast post on this):
RunDate RunTime Duration ExecutionStatus JobName 04/10/2013 02:00:01 00:00:45 Succeded mdw_purge_data_[MDW] 05/10/2013 02:00:00 00:13:27 Succeded mdw_purge_data_[MDW] 06/10/2013 02:00:00 00:17:03 Succeded mdw_purge_data_[MDW] 07/10/2013 02:00:01

Generate scripts to attach multiple databases

There is a handy little "by product", if you like, when running queries which means you can quickly generate scripts to do different things. Below is an example of generating multiple "attach" commands that you can copy from the results pane into the main SSMS window for execution. I have found this very handy in the past:


SELECT 'CREATE DATABASE ['+name+'] ON ( FILENAME = N''F:\MSSQL\Data\'+name+'.mdf'' ), ( FILENAME = N''E:\MSSQL\Log\'+name+'_log.ldf'' )  FOR ATTACH GO ' FROMmaster.dbo.sysdatabases WHEREnamenotin('master','msdb','model','tempdb')
ORDERBYname